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Female hair loss can result from multiple causes, such as genetics, stress or some health issues. The loss of hair can both be permanent as well as temporary, depending on the diagnosis.This is why it is important to see a hair loss specialist, who can give the correct diagnosis and recommend an effective treatment.

Take some time to read our guide to female hair loss, which can give you an idea about what could be causing the problem and what you can do. The good news is that most cases of female hair loss are treatable.

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Androgenic Alopecia

Female Androgenic Alopecia (pattern baldness) is one of the most common causes of female hair loss. This hereditary condition normally causes thinning out of hair on the top of the head, while the hair on the sides and back stays unaffected. In some cases the condition causes a receding hairline around the temples.

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Telogen Effluvium

Telogen Effluvium is usually a temporary condition, which causes thinning out of hair everywhere on the scalp. This is caused by the body’s defense strategy, which causes some of the hair follicles to switch from their active to their resting phase. Since the resting phase lasts 3 months, the symptoms will first appear 3 months after the incident that caused them. Possible triggers can be sudden stressful psychological or physical experiences, including child birth, beginning or ending of intake of contraceptives, abortion, side effects from diet pills and other drugs etc.

Telogen Effluvium can in some cases become chronic if the underlying cause of the condition is not treated.

Traction Alopecia

Traction Alopecia is caused by a constant strain on the hair shafts. This usually happens as a result of excessive use of tight braids, extensions, causing a receding hairline. If the cause of the problem is concentrated around a specific area, as would be the case with heavy artificial hair of a ponytail extension, the result may be a bald spot in the exposed area. Traction Alopecia is usually seen in women, due to the nature of the underlying causes.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata, also known as spot baldness, causes sudden loss of hair in the shape of bald spots. This condition is often triggered by stress or severe shock and is usually temporary. Just like with Telogen Effluvium, the symptoms first become visible after 3 months after they were triggered. Alopecia Areata only affects the scalp but can in severe cases cause total hair loss on head and body.

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Other hair loss conditions

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There are also a number of other, less known types of hair loss that can affect women. The following conditions are far more seldom than the ones mentioned above.

  • Follicular Degeneration Syndrome (FDS) is a type of Cicatriciel Alopecia that starts as a clearly defined spot of hair loss, which can then spread in a spiral pattern.
  • Alopecia Totalis and Alopecia Universalis is one of the two most extreme types of hair loss. While Alopecia Totalis causes loss of hair on the entire scalp, Alopecia Universalis results in total hair loss everywhere on the body.
  • Trichotillomania is a self-inflicted condition that makes the patient tug and pull his hair until it comes off.
  • Pseudopelade is a very rare hair loss condition, which is mainly mainly seen in women and children and causes bald spots that still contain a few healthy hairs.
  • Lupus is a chronic inflammatory disease that makes the immune system shut down the body’s organs. It is best recognised by the butterfly shaped rash on nose and cheeks, but can also cause sporadic hair loss.
  • Cicatriciel Alopecia, also known as scarring Alopecia, is seen exclusively among women. This condition affects the hair follicles, but can also refer to hair loss caused by scarification after burns.
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When is the best time to seek treatment?

The answer is: as soon as possible! We recommend you to see a specialist as soon as you experience unusual hair loss.